How To Treat Skin Pigmentation

Most people love the idea of having clear skin, but, unfortunately, there are health conditions that prevent many from achieving this goal. Hyperpigmentation of the skin is the presence of dark patches caused by fluctuations in hormone levels. It may also be caused by sun overexposure, which promotes the overproduction of melanin. When skin cells produce more melanin, a naturally-occurring pigment, than normal, the skin becomes darker. Some people may be more susceptible to excess skin pigmentation because of genetics, pregnancy, or certain medications they’re taking.

Hyperpigmentation can make you feel embarrassed or self-conscious. Skin that has become too dark is generally known as hyperpigmented skin. Hyperpigmentation is normally seen in areas around the face and neck, but it can also occur in other areas of the skin, such as the chest and back.

Fortunately, there are ways to treat skin pigmentation. All it takes is finding the most suitable treatment options or the best products for hyperpigmentation. Also, it’s important to know the cause of your hyperpigmentation so that you can learn how to treat it effectively. 

Treatment Options For Skin Pigmentation

The first step towards finding effective treatments for skin hyperpigmentation is to educate yourself. You may need to get information about what causes hyperpigmentation and what causes it to fade away. After that, you’ll need to get a little bit of information about the different treatment options available to you.

Here are different ways to treat skin hyperpigmentation:

1. Natural Treatments

One of the best ways to treat hyperpigmentation is to use natural remedies. Natural methods may include using creams or lotions that contain all-natural ingredients, which can help reduce the amount of melanin in your skin; as a result, it reduces the appearance of hyperpigmentation. It’s also important to find a product that contains the correct ingredients for treating skin hyperpigmentation.

Here are some natural ingredients that will help ward off mild skin hyperpigmentation:

  • Aloe vera

  • Apple cider vinegar

  • Green tea

  • Licorice extract

  • Mulberry

  • Red onion

  • Vitamin C

  • Yogurt or milk

It is best to consult with a healthcare specialist before applying any of these substances on the affected area. 

2. Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL)

Intense pulsed light therapy works by stimulating healthy collagen in the body, targeting redness, and reducing brown spots, all at the same time. It works best for those with dark skin, those with rosy cheeks, those with uneven skin pigmentation, and those with rosacea and other blemishes. IPL Photofacial may help reduce hyperpigmentation of the skin and provide the following benefits:

  • Can be performed quickly and requires very little downtime

  • More affordable than other hyperpigmentation treatments, like laser skin resurfacing

  • May also be used on other parts of the body, such as the arms, hands, legs, neck, shoulders, and upper chest.

IPL uses the principle of photodynamic therapy. In photodynamic therapy, a light is used to stimulate collagen production in the body. The light is very intense, which means that there’s no risk of damaging the skin. The light will also penetrate deeply into the layers of the skin to stimulate collagen and elastin production. Once collagen and elastin production begin to increase, you’ll see improvements, such as a firmer skin, softer complexion, and less redness.

3. Lightening Creams

To treat skin hyperpigmentation, you’ll most likely want to use a skin lightening cream. The most common creams in the market are retinol-based products. Retinol is an active ingredient that prevents the production of melanin, which produces dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Retinol works by reducing the number of melanocytes in the skin, and also increasing the production of natural antioxidants. With the increased production of these antioxidants, the skin will be able to remove the accumulated dark pigments faster.

4. Chemical Peels

People with a severe case of hyperpigmentation may find chemical peels as a viable treatment against the condition. Even those who suffer from chronic cases of hyperpigmentation can have some sort of success when using chemical peels. They’re considered an effective treatment since the chemicals help eliminate dead skin cells and the discoloration from acne scars, freckles, sun spots, and other hyperpigmented areas.

Glycolic acid and kojic acid are also used to treat hyperpigmentation. Glycolic acid works by peeling away the top layers of the skin, which results in a fresh layer of skin. Kojic acid, on the one hand, works in a slightly different manner from glycolic acid as it’s used in an abrasive and exfoliating manner to remove the top layers of skin. As a result of this method of exfoliation, you see a marked improvement in the texture of your skin, plus increased firmness and suppleness.

When using chemical peels, it is important to remember that you’ll need to be consistent with your efforts to achieve the best results. You may observe a noticeable improvement in the quality of your skin and see a reduction in hyperpigmentation with continued proper application.

5. Microdermabrasion

The microdermabrasion procedure is basically an artificial exfoliation to reduce your dark skin and improve your overall facial skin condition. Microdermabrasion is actually an acid treatment, which is meant to remove deeply embedded dirt and debris from your face, and also improve your skin texture and tone. There are various reasons as to why people choose to get this treatment, such as removing acne scars, reducing freckles, redness, and blotchy skin. Microdermabrasion is very beneficial as it not only improves the texture of your skin, but also helps to make you look healthier and younger.

6. Laser Treatments

Another form of treatment that can help treat skin pigmentation is laser therapy. This method works by using a laser to remove the top layer of skin. This process helps improve the look and feel of the area by making it look as good as new. Laser treatments are also very effective at helping scars disappear, which is extremely important if you want to treat hyperpigmented skin and reduce the appearance of dark patches


Before undergoing intense pulsed light therapy or any type of treatment for skin hyperpigmentation, your doctor will want to know about your medical history. It’s a way to ensure that you don’t have any skin or hair conditions that could potentially affect the procedure. You’ll also be asked questions to make sure you understand how long you plan to go through the treatment, what your expectations are, and how the treatment will affect your overall health.

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