How Do Exfoliators Help to Deal with Acne?

Acne is the most common issue that usually people face. The only problem with acne is that there is no perfect solution to deal with it. 

Usually, your skin spills dead cells every 30 days to provide space for new skin cells. The problem with dead skin cells is that sometimes, they do not spill entirely. The incomplete exfoliation of dead skin cells causes dry, layered patches and swollen pores. This skin condition is known as acne. 

Acne is one of the most common skin disorders, and it can be treated by applying exfoliators. Exfoliators are products that stimulate the process of exfoliation. By applying exfoliators such as granular elements and chemicals on the surface of your skin, the dead skin cells can be removed quickly. Exfoliators help to keep your skin fresh and flawless. 

So in this article we will provide the exact process of exfoliators and let you know about its working process. It is highly recommended to read this article till the end and you will get everything about acne issues.

What is an Exfoliator?

Exfoliator is the gel and cream form substance that helps to remove the dead skin outmost surface and helps to recreate the new skin. Basically, the process will help to recharge the dead cells in our body because of them the skin color got faded.

Even most of the doctors recommend this process in order to get rid from various skin related issues. 

Benefits of Using Exfoliators

The application of exfoliators benefits your skin in different ways. Their benefits include- 

1. Exfoliators increase the brightness of your skin and help your skin in quick absorption of skincare products.

2. Daily usage of exfoliators can protect your skin from causing new acne. Also, it decreases the number of breakouts.

3. If you keep on using exfoliators for a long time, the production of collagen in your skin will increase. Collagen makes your skin lively and bright. This protein compound also increases the elasticity of your skin. So, the number of fine lines on your skin reduces and your skin is protected from the effects of aging. 

The Function of Physical Exfoliators 

The exfoliators that need manual scrubbing are called physical exfoliators. Loofahs, body brushes and cleansing scrubs are commonly used physical exfoliators. Physical exfoliators are easily affordable. 

You can also prepare cleansing scrubs at home with a few ingredients. Milk and sugar have acid particles in them and can be used as physical exfoliators. Coffee can also be applied on your skin as an exfoliator. 

Functions of Chemical Exfoliators

In this method, different types of chemicals are used to perform the procedure of exfoliation. Chemical exfoliation works faster than physical exfoliation. Before using chemical exfoliators, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist.

Retinoids are produced from Vitamin A. These elements are applied to treat acne and sun-damaged skin. These chemical compounds also help in reducing the effects of aging on your skin. It keeps the skin safe from contaminated particles and also stimulates the production of collagen. Various medical retinoids remain available in the market such as retinol, bexarotene, tretinoin, tazarotene, etc.

Alpha-hydroxy Acids(AHAs) are extracted from sweet fruits and milk. The most commonly used AHAs are- glycolic acid, citric acid, tartaric and acid, malic acid, etc. These acids help in cleaning the upper layer of your skin so that fresh even skin cells can start to grow faster and replace the dead skin cells. Exfoliating your skin with AHAs also help in treating skin conditions like fine lines, age spots, wrinkles, uneven skin surface, and large acnes.

Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) enter into the hair follicles of your skin and absorb the dead skin cells and excess oil to clear out the acnes. Due to this quality, these acids are primarily applied for treating acne. Salicylic acid is the most popularly used Beta hydroxy acid to deal with acne. 

Exfoliators for Different Types of Skin 

While choosing the perfect exfoliator, you should keep in mind your skin type. If you apply the unsuitable exfoliator on your skin, it can cause irritation.

Normal Skin: All types of exfoliators usually go with normal skin. A person with normal skin can choose an exfoliator according to his or her preferences.

Dry Skin: The texture of dry skin is uneven and rough. Alpha-hydroxy acids like glycolic acid can get into the upper layer of dry skin and stimulate the growth of fresh skin cells.

Sensitive Skin: Sensitive skin is prone to irritation and itchiness. While applying exfoliators on sensitive skin, you should consider using Beta hydroxy acids. Consultation with an experienced dermatologist is important before applying any exfoliator on sensitive skin.

Acne-Prone Skin: If you tend to have acne breakouts on your skin, then it is best to use products with glycolic acid, salicylic acid, or retinoids. 

Mixed Skin: Mixed skin contains dry as well as oily portions. In that case, oily and dry areas will respectively go through different types of treatments. Oily areas will require scrubs whereas dry areas can be treated with a low amount of Alpha-hydroxy Acids.

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Frequency of Using Exfoliators

People with oily or acne-prone skin need to go through daily usage of exfoliators. They should exfoliate their skin every day or on an alternative day.  Other kinds of skin require exfoliators once or twice in a week.

Do Exfoliators have any side effects?

This is the most common question usually asked by the people. Mostly exfoliators don’t have any side effects but it is highly recommended to take experts' opinion if you have sensitive skin.

Conclusion

The type of treatment entirely depends on the condition of your skin. If your issues are mild, then you can apply OTC exfoliators or homemade scrubs. In case you have a serious issue of acne and sensitive skin, you should seek the advice of a dermatologist.

Who doesn't want flawless skin?

The answer is simple. Correct usage of exfoliators and daily skincare can definitely fulfill your wish of getting smooth and shiny skin.

Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/meaning-of-exfoliating

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