I am Cathy Carter doing freelancing writing services who love to read and fashion and travel. I wrote on various topics on various blogs irrespective of their sizes. My strong educational background and the family support has been a broad base to research and write on various topics.
Melasma is one of the most talked about skin conditions today. This is a common skin problem which causes brown to gray-brown patches that can usually be found on the face.
Specifically on the areas of the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin, and the upper lip. It can also appear in some parts of the body that is frequently exposed to the rays of the sun like the forearms and neck.
One of the known treatment of melasma is sun protection. You can wear sunscreen every day and reapply every 2 hours.
Dermatologists also recommend you to wear wide-brimmed hats when you need to go outside.
But will this be enough to fight the dark patches on our skin to develop?
What is Melasma?
Melasma means “brown skin”. This is due to the patchy brown pigmentation. This is usually symmetrical which means it will show up on both sides of your face.
Sometimes it is referred to as “chloasma”. Contrary to popular belief, this is not caused by infection. It will not also turn to cancer.
During the summer months, you will notice that this will become darker and visible but it will lighten and improve when there is less sunshine.
Who Can Get Melasma?
Women are most affected by melasma compared to men. This is more prominent in women during pregnancy, menopause and those who are taking birth control pills.
It is believed that 1 in every 10 male individuals will be affected as well. People who get tanned easily or who have naturally darker skin are also possible to get melasma.
Causes of Melasma
According to studies, there is no exact cause of Melasma. However, there is a number of factors that can trigger it.
The most common factors are sun exposure and hormonal changes.
These can cause too much melanin or skin darkening pigmentation production.
Other factors may include medications that make your skin hypersensitive to the sun, hormone replacement therapy, and allergic reaction to cosmetic products.
Effective Ways to Prevent Melasma
Regardless of what treatment you use, you have to make sure that you take extra caution to prevent it from coming back.
Some of the most effective ways are the following.
- Stay Away From The Sun. If you can help it, stay away from the sun’s rays. If you really need to, make sure that you wear hats or use an umbrella to protect your face. Hats with broad brims are the most effective.
- Use Sunscreen Regularly. Even dermatologists advise their patients to use sunscreen every day. Don’t skimp on sunscreen even if it's winter. This is your first line of defense against the sun, and it will also prevent melasma from coming back. SPF 30 is enough but SPF 60 is better.
- Choose Your Products. Choose your cosmetic products carefully. Avoid using products with harsh chemicals. Make sure that it does not sting or burn when you apply it. Soaps or gels that are too fragrant should also be avoided.
If you really want to get rid of the dark patches on your skin, you have to take note of the products that you are using, as well as your lifestyle.
There are different treatments available online that you can use as well. But always remember that prevention is better than cure.